mental retardation

  1. слабоумие


умственная отсталость
Согласно классическому определению «неспособность к независимой социальной адаптации», т.е. снижение интеллектуального коэффициента, а у взрослых - остановка умственного развития на уровне детей того или иного возраста; С. является симптомом многих приобретенных заболеваний и НЗЧ, а также может быть независимой патологией, обусловленной некоторыми мутациями, в частности, хромосомными, сцепленными с полом (их известно по крайней мере 17), наиболее распространенной из которых является мутация, приводящая к синдрому Мартина-Белл.
[Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А. Англо-русский толковый словарь генетических терминов 1995 407с.]


  • генетика


  • умственная отсталость


  • idiocy
  • imbecibility
  • mental retardation
  • feeble-minding
  • oligophreny

Англо-русский словарь нормативно-технической терминологии. . 2015.

Смотреть что такое "mental retardation" в других словарях:

  • mental retardation — n. a condition, usually present from birth, characterized by intellectual functioning that is below average: it ranges in degree from borderline (IQ of 71 84) to mild (IQ of 50 55 to approximately 70) to moderate (IQ of 35 40 to 50 55) to severe… …   English World dictionary

  • Mental retardation — Classification and external resources ICD 10 F70 F …   Wikipedia

  • Mental retardation — A term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communicating, taking care of him or herself, and social skills. These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical… …   Medical dictionary

  • mental retardation — noun lack of normal development of intellectual capacities • Syn: ↑retardation, ↑backwardness, ↑slowness, ↑subnormality • Derivationally related forms: ↑subnormal (for: ↑subnormality), ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mental Retardation —    (See also Autism.)    Mental retardation (MR) was once in the province of psychiatry, but even though the diagnosis continues to be included in DSM, the condition has now largely passed into the hands of pediatrics. MR is defined by three… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • mental retardation — a developmental disorder characterized by a subnormal ability to learn and a substantially low IQ. [1900 15] * * * Subaverage intellectual ability that is present from birth or infancy and is manifested by abnormal development, learning… …   Universalium

  • mental retardation — the state of those whose intellectual powers have failed to develop to such an extent that they are in need of care and protection and require special education. The handicap may be classified according to the intelligence quotient (IQ) as mild… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • mental retardation — noun Date: 1914 subaverage intellectual ability equivalent to or less than an IQ of 70 that is accompanied by significant deficits in abilities (as in communication or self care) necessary for independent daily functioning, is present from birth… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mental retardation — condition in which the intellect does not develop normally …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mental retardation — men′tal retarda′tion n. psi a developmental disorder characterized in varying degrees by a subnormal ability to learn, a substantially low IQ, and impaired social adjustment • Etymology: 1900–15 …   From formal English to slang

  • Mental retardation and clasped thumbs — A syndrome with the following characteristic features: (1) Neurological: Mental retardation and aphasia (lack of speech); (2) Limbs: Clasped (adducted) thumbs, absent extensor pollicis longus and/or brevis muscles to the thumb, shuffling gait,… …   Medical dictionary


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